Pálava Landscape Protected Area is a landscape protected area and UNESCO biosphere reserve (since 1986) in the Czech Republic, South Moravian Region, on the border with Austria.
Pálava lies in the northwest promontory of the Panonská lowlands. It is the warmest and almost the most arid area in the Czech Republic, and therefore vines are cultivated here. Because of this climate some plant species that do not occur anywhere else in the country grow here. The colourful mosaic of arid rock grass, fringe communities, thermophilous bushes and thermophilous oakwoods on the Děvín slopes, which originated partly due to the influence of grazing, is called karst forest steppe.